Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats

dssampelos.]                       FLORA INDICA.                                   197
the supplementary lists under the letter C, Dr. Wallich having inadvertently over-
looked the previous employment of that letter in the body of the work.
3. S. rotunda (Lour.l Fl. Coca. Chin. 747); foliis late ov^tis vel
fere rotundatis irregulariter sinuato-lobatig vel repandis tenuibus gla-
bris longe petiolatis, umbellulis laxe cymosis.—Cocculus Eoxburghia-
iras, Wall. Cat. 4972 ! (via DC.) -^ A. Prod. i. 450 in adnot. C.
Finlaysonianus, Wall. Cat. 4974! excl. spec, sinist. ad S. hernandifo-
liam pertinens. Cissampelos glabra, Eoxb. M. Ind. iii. 840 (et vero-
similiter etiam Herb. Hamilton). Clypea Wightii, Arn.l in Wight, III.
i. 22.
HAB. In Himalaya tropica et temperata a basi ad alt. 7000 ped.;
Simla! Kumaori, 8tr. et WmL! Nipal, Wall! Sikkim! Bhotan, Grif-
fith! Assam, Hamilton; in montibus Kliasia I et Silkot, Wall.!; in
Pegu, McClelland!i et in montibus peninsulas australioris ad Courta-
lam, WigM!—(m, Apr., JUD.) (v. v.)
DISTRIB. Siam! CocHn China!
Frutex alte scandens. Jfadlx tuberosa, magna, gubglobosa. Caules vetustiores
tnberculis rimosis crebris tecti, grisei vel flavicantcs; jnniores glabemmi, atrofusci,
striati. Folia obtusa vol acuta, interdum acumhata, sublus ])allida, 3-7 poll, longa
et ajquilata. Petioli folia atquantes vel (praisertirn in foliis majoribus) longe supe-
rantes, intcrdum 9-polIicares, graciles, basi subarticulati. Pedunculi longitudine
valde varii, srcpe petioles ncquantcs, axillares et gracillimi, vol secus caules crassiores
ad axillas fpliorum delapsorum solitarii aut in raniulo abbreviate aphyllo racemosi, ct
tune crassiores, fccmiiici soepe carnosuli. Umlella radii abbreviati vel elongati,
basi bracteolis subulatis stipati, cymosi. Mores majusculi, diametro interdum fere
i-pollicares, sed -plerumque minorcs, flavidi vel crocei, carnosuli. Sepala in flore
masc. 6-10, biserialia, anguste cuneata, obtusa, dorso furfuracea vel puberula. P<?-
tal& 3-5, late cuneata, sepalis 4 breviora. Drupa glabra).
Loureiro's specimen in the British Museum, though very imperfect, evidently be-
longs to the species now described. We refrain from quoting De Candollc's C. Rox-
burghianus, because he describes the peduncles as "adpresse velutini," and the leaves
as quite entire; his description is also otherwise unintelligible. C. Wighti^ Am., is
stated to have the wuilc llowers in a simple capitulum, but the specimen before us
(which bears ripe fruit) agrees so exactly with S. rotund* that we cannot doubt the
identity of the two; probably, therefore, the male umbels arc very young, in which
state those of S, rotunda appear to form a simple head. Bosburgh describes the
female flower with one sepal, and two petals longer than the sepal, an,d of a deep
orange-yellow colour. This is evidently the structure of tiie genus Cyclea, but
Loureiro describes the pcriauth of the female flower as consisting of six leaves. We
do not possess the means of determining this point. Possibly Roxburgh may have
had sent to him specimens of Cyc!e&$ojoulifoKat as Iris description of the female in-
florescence does not agree with our specimens, in which it is the same as in the male.
According to Roxburgh the tuberous roots of this species are very acrid, and are
used in medicine. Lourciro says they are very bitter, and have similar qualities
to those of Aristolochia rotunda.
MAS. Sepala 4. Petala 4} in corollam cupuliformem raargine fere
indivisam coalita. FCEM. Sepala 2 in squatyam carnosulam ssepins
binervem,emarginatara vel indivisam bractea antioa suffultam coalita.